Franz Liszt, classical music composer

Franz Liszt image

Franz Liszt

Biography

Franz Liszt was born on October 22, 1811 in the village of Doborján in Hungary, now known as Raiding and a part of Austria. Both Liszt's grandfather and father worked in the service of the Esterházy family. His father played piano, violin, cello and guitar and knew Haydn, Hummel and Beethoven personally. At an early age, Liszt showed a keen interest in scared and gypsy music, as well as in his father's piano playing. The latter persuaded his father to instruct Liszt in the piano beginning at the age of seven. After appearing in concerts at the age of nine, several Hungarian magnates offered to fund Liszt's musical education. Once in Vienna, Liszt studied piano with Carl Czerny, who in turn had once been a pupil both Beethoven and Hummel. In addition, he received composition lessons from Antonio Salieri. His public debut as a pianist occurred on December 1, 1822. The concert was a great success for Liszt and he was later greeted in Austrian and Hungarian aristocratic circles, even meeting both Beethoven and Schubert.

Following his father's death, Liszt moved to Paris. In order to make a living, he gave piano and composition lessons from early in the morning to late in the evening. However, his first years in Paris would become influential on the remainder of his life. He was acquainted with a German violinist by the name of Chrétien Urhan, an early champion of Schubert's music, and whose own compositions had a markedly anti-Classical bent. He also met Hector Berlioz in 1830 and was greatly influenced by his music, particularly in orchestration. Most important, however, was a concert given by the great violin virtuoso Niccolò Paganini in 1832. Impressed by the great technical abilities of Paganini, Liszt determined to become as great a virtuoso on the pianist as Paganini was on the violin.

During the 1830s, Paris attracted many of Europe's greatest pianists. The combined efforts of so many virtuosos raised the standard level of performance to a previously unimaginable height. It is also remarkable that Liszt was able to stand out in such a crowd. Whereas his contemporaries mastered a specific technique of piano performance, Liszt mastered them all. He quickly shot to fame and began touring Europe as a great piano virtuoso. He performed three or four concerts per week and it is estimated that he appeared in public well over a thousand times during his touring years. At these concerts, women fought over his handkerchiefs, tearing them to pieces and saving them as souvenirs. His stage presence was described as mesmerizing. Further adding to his reputation was his willingness to give away much of his profits to humanitarian causes.

Liszt officially made his debut as a composer in 1834, but it wasn't until much later that he turned his full attention upon composition. In 1847, persuaded by the Countess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, Liszt gave up the life of a touring virtuoso. As a composer, he became a leading figure of the "New German School" of composition. Furthermore, he used his already established fame as a means of championing the works of Berlioz and Wagner. It was during this time that he composed or revised many of the works for which he is famous today.

In 1861, Liszt settled in Rome, though he took part in only a minor portion of the city's musical life. Beginning in 1869, he traveled extensively between Rome, Weimar and Budapest giving master classes in piano playing. Though it is remarkable that Liszt was able to handle so much traveling at an advanced age, it ultimately took its toll on him. In July 1881, he fell down a flight of stairs at a hotel in Weimar. The accident left him immobilized for weeks and led to further, and worse, health conditions. He later died in Bayreuth, Germany on July 31, 1886.

Composer Title Date Action
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz for Two Pianos 02/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa, from Années de Pèlerinage Book II: Italy 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 123 del Petrarca, from Années de Pèlerinage Book II: Italy 01/26/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, No. 3 in g-sharp minor from Grand Etudes de Paganini 01/23/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase from Gounod’s Faust 01/26/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebestraum No. 3 A flat major 03/21/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Piano transcriptions of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5, Allegro con brio 08/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Polonaise from 'Eugene Onegin', S.429 09/21/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Cloche sonne S238 ( live rec ) 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt “My Joys,” from Six Chants polonais (Chopin), S.480 10/03/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 01/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 08/30/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 03/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 in c-sharp minor 01/15/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 in c-sharp minor 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2, S. 244-2 (cadenza: Thomas Labé) 05/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante 08/01/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 01/25/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 08/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 03/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 01/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Aprés une Lecture du Dante, from Années de Pèlerinage Book II: Italy 01/17/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody n.6 12/10/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6 in D-flat Major 02/03/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6 in D-flat Major 01/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6 in D-flat Major 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6 in D-flat Major 01/19/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz no. 1 01/30/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz no. 1 04/22/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz no. 1 02/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz no. 1 11/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Un Sospiro, from Trois Etudes de concert, S. 144 01/06/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Un Sospiro, from Trois Etudes de concert, S. 144 04/24/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Un Sospiro, from Trois Etudes de concert, S. 144 12/24/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Spanish Rhapsody 03/02/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie Espagnole (Spanish Rhapsody) 12/24/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie Espagnole, S. 254 (Spanish Rhapsody) 01/06/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 05/07/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 01/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 01/13/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Romance oubliée 08/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Romance oubliée 04/08/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Romance oubliée 03/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca 03/21/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca 02/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca 08/07/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca 12/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Tarantella, from Années de Pèlerinage, Book 2 01/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Tarantella, from Venezia e Napoli 02/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante 02/19/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Ballade No. 2 in b minor 05/07/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Ballade No. 2 in b minor (Live 1998) 10/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Ballade No. 2 in b minor (Live 1998) 09/06/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, No. 3 in g-sharp minor from Grand Etudes de Paganini 09/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, from 6 Etudes d’execution transcendante d’apres Paganini, S. 141, arr F. Busoni 01/06/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, No. 3 in g-sharp minor from Grand Etudes de Paganini 10/10/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, No. 3 in g-sharp minor from Grand Etudes de Paganini 09/03/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La Campanella, No. 3 in g-sharp minor from Grand Etudes de Paganini 08/30/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mazeppa (for two pianos) 02/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mazeppa, from Etudes d’exécution transcendante, No. 4 03/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mazeppa, from Etudes d’exécution transcendante, No. 4 01/13/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 47 del Petrarca 02/28/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Au bord d’une source, from Années de pèlerinage, Suisse 01/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 07/09/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 10/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 01/25/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 08/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Notturno n.3 "Liebestraum" (Love Dream) 02/28/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Orage (Storm) from Book I Années de Pèlerinage: Suisse 01/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Orage (Storm) from Book I Années de Pèlerinage: Suisse 02/05/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Vallée d'Obermann from Book I Années de Pèlerinage: Suisse 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Years of Pilgrimage, First Year: Switzerland 02/18/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Years of Pilgrimage: "Second Year: Italy" 02/25/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody N° 6 03/10/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Au lac de Wallenstadt, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 02/05/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Chapelle de Guillaume Tell, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 02/05/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Les Cloches de Geneve 06/17/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Nuages gris 08/27/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Nuages gris 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Nuages Gris 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Consolation no. 1, S.172 08/30/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Consolation no. 2, S.172 08/30/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Consolation no. 3, S.172 08/30/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Funerailles S173 ( live rec ) 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Harmonies poétiques et religieuses No.7, Funérailles S.173 08/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Les jeux d’eau à la Villa d’Este 01/19/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Les jeux d’eau à la Villa d’Este 02/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Legend No. 2 "St. Francis Walking on the Waves" 09/03/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Legend No. 2 "St. Francis Walking on the Waves" 01/23/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Years of Pilgrimage ("Third Year") 03/17/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Consolation no. 4, S.172 08/31/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt In Festo Transfigurationis Domini Nostri Jesu Christi, S.188 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt In Festo Transfigurationis Domini Nostri Jesu Christi, S.188 08/25/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt La lugubre gondola no. 1, S.200a 08/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Scherzo and March, S.177 05/03/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 8 "Wilde Jagd" 10/03/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 9 "Ricordanza" 10/03/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in b minor 01/13/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in b minor 01/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in b minor 01/09/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor, part 1 12/26/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor, part 2 12/26/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor, part 3 12/26/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 10 in F minor 04/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 10 in F minor 10/02/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 10 in F minor 07/09/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude no. 11, Harmonies du Soir 04/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Auf Flügeln des Gesanges 04/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Gretchen am Spinnrade 04/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Widmung 04/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Legenda n. 1 04/05/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 11 in a minor 12/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian rhapsody n. 12 08/18/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody no. 12 in c-sharp minor 12/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody no. 12 in c-sharp minor 10/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No.13 03/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 12, Chasse-Neige 01/24/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Gnomenreigen 01/19/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Gnomenreigen 06/17/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Grande Etude n°8 - original 1837 version - Presto Stepitoso 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mazeppa - Etude d'Execution Transcendante n°4 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 9 in E-flat Major "Pesther Karneval" 11/16/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paganini Etude No.2 in E-flat Major 09/03/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paganini Etude No.2 in E-flat Major 03/21/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Die Lorelei 03/27/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt I’ vidi in terra angelici costumi, from from Tre Sonnetti di Petrarca, S. 270a 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Les Preludes 08/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Pace non trovo, from from Tre Sonnetti di Petrarca, S. 270a 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 05/02/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante (Fantasia quasi Sonata) 05/29/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Auf dem Wasser zu Singen 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sposalizio (Marriage), from Années de Pèlerinage Book II: Italy 01/22/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Totentanz (Dance of Death) 01/23/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Concert Etude in f minor 03/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Die Zelle in Nonnenwerth 03/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Im Rhein, im schönen Strome 03/27/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Resignazione, S.187a 08/25/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Ave Maria IV S.341 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Recueillement, S.204 08/25/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sancta Dorothea S187 12/10/2011 Play
Franz Liszt Szózat und Hymnus, S.486 08/31/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Alte Deutsche Geistliche Weisen S50 R72 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Am Grabe Richard Wagners S.202 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Romance 06/12/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Via Crucis S504a for solo piano 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Consolation no. 3, S.172 06/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Il Trovatore – Paraphrase de Concert 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase on Quartet from Verdi’s “Rigoletto” 03/21/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase on Quartet from Verdi’s “Rigoletto” 09/13/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase on Quartet from Verdi’s “Rigoletto” 01/23/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rigoletto Paraphrase 09/02/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Piano Concerto No. 1 (excerpts) 09/02/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Waltz on Themes of Gounod's "Faust" 05/31/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Reminiscences of Norma by Bellini 12/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Standchen-Leise flehen meine Lieder, from Franz Schubert’s Schwanengesang 07/19/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Standchen-Leise flehen meine Lieder, from Franz Schubert’s Schwanengesang 01/27/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebestod 08/24/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase on Themes from Verdi’s “Aida” 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Phantasiestück on themes from Rienzi, S.439 08/24/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Tarantelle di bravura, S 386 03/11/2010 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Grandes études de Paganini No. 5, S.141 08/25/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor (part 1 of 3) 07/11/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor (part 2 of 3) 07/11/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Sonata in B minor (part 3 of 3) 07/11/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Liebestraum No. 3 A flat major 07/11/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6 in D-flat Major 07/27/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Fantaisie romantique sur deux mélodies suisses, S 157, Op. 5 Nr. 1 08/02/2012 Play
Franz Liszt 3 Sonetti del Petrarca, dagli Anni di Pellegrinaggio (2 vol): Italia 09/07/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Guida all'ascolto dei Sonetti del Petrarca (Lazar Berman, piano) 09/07/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Dagli anni di pellegrinaggio (II vol. Italia)Dante Fantasia quasi sonata 09/14/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mazeppa - Etude d'Execution Transcendante n°4 09/16/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Ballade No. 2 in b minor 10/06/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante 10/24/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paraphrase from Gounod’s Faust 11/12/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Valse Oubliée No. 1 12/04/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rigoletto Paraphrase 12/04/2012 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Paganini Etude No. 2 12/05/2012 Play
Franz Liszt Er war ein König in Thule 01/31/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Mephisto Waltz no. 1 03/13/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Feux follets 03/31/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 06/13/2013 Play
Franz Liszt Liebesträume No. 3 in A-flat Major (Dreams of Love) 06/14/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Vallée d'Obermann from Book I Années de Pèlerinage: Suisse 06/17/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca 06/17/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude No. 10 in F minor 07/09/2013 Play
Franz Liszt Sarabande and Chaconne from Handel's "Almira" 10/20/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Transcendental Etude no.5 in B-flat major, "Feux Follets" 10/20/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Tarantella, from Venezia e Napoli 10/28/2013 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Etude d'Exécution Transcendante n°10 S139 10/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 01/27/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Hexaméron, Morceau de concert, S. 392 04/16/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Ballade No. 2 in b minor 05/15/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Concert Étude No. 2 in F minor, La leggierezza 06/03/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonata in b minor 08/20/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Rhapsodie espagnole 09/30/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Pastorale, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 10/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Au bord d'une source, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 10/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Eglogue, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 10/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Le mal du pays, from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 10/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Les cloches de Genève: Nocturne, from from Années de Pélerinage: Suisse 10/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Bagatelle sans tonalité, S. 216a 10/21/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Après une Lecture de Dante 10/21/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Il Penseroso, from Années de pèlerinage: Italie 11/02/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 47 del Petrarca, from Années de pèlerinage: Italie 11/02/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 104 del Petrarca, from Années de pèlerinage: Italie 11/02/2014 Play Add to playlist
Franz Liszt Sonetto 123 del Petrarca, from Années de pèlerinage: Italie 11/02/2014 Play Add to playlist