Gioachino Rossini, classical music composer

Gioachino Rossini image

Gioachino Rossini

Biography

Gioachino Rossini (February 29, 1792, Pesaro Italy – November 13, 1868, Passy, France).

Born into a family of musicians on February 29, 1792, Gioachino Rossini became the epitome of Italian opera. His father a horn player and his mother a singer, Rossini's musical training began early. By the age of ten, he had learned to sight-read, play accompaniments and sing well enough to take solo parts in church. In 1804, when Rossini was twelve years old, appeared his first compositions—six sonate a Quattro for the unusual combination of two violins, cello and double bass. The six sonatas were composed in only three days and show a strong influence of Haydn and Mozart. Soon after came Rossini's first opera, a set of individual numbers to a libretto by Vincenza Mombelli, though it would not be staged until several years later when the composer was twenty years old.

In 1810, at the age of eighteen, Rossini produced his first opera, La cambiale di matrimonio (The Marriage Contract). More operas followed during the following three years to varying degrees of success. However, his first major successes, and the ones that launched his international career, were the operas Tancredi and L'italiana in Algeri, both staged in 1813.

Though he had established himself as the leading composer of Italian opera, Rossini's success waned somewhat after the successes of Tancredi and L'italiana in Algeri. He returned to Bologna in 1815 and became musical director of Teatro San Carlo and Teatro del Fondo in Naples, for which he agreed to compose one opera a year for each theater. The arrangement provided Rossini with a sizeable income and was a rare lucrative deal for a profession musician.

On February 20, 1816, Rossini's most famous opera was premiered—The Barber of Seville. Though based on the same stage play as a previous opera by Giovanni Paisiello, the libretto for Rossini's opera was entirely new. However, admirers of Paisiello made certain the premiere of Rossini's opera was a failure. Despite this setback, Rossini's opera became incredibly successful and is now, indisputably, the only Barber of Seville.

During the next eight years, Rossini produced another twenty operas. He lived briefly in Vienna during 1822 and the following year traveled to London where he met King George IV. Following his return from England, he spent the years 1824-29 in Paris. In 1829, he produced Guillaume Tell (William Tell), adapted from a play by Schiller.

In the same year, Rossini returned to Bologna and soon afterwards, his career as a composer more or less ended. What music he did compose during the remainder of his life was intended only for private audiences and consisted mostly of short pieces for solo piano, or occasionally for voice or chamber ensemble. These later pieces show a definite influence of Beethoven and Chopin and Rossini's own attempt at serious composition. Due to political unrest, Rossini left Bologna in 1848 and ultimately settled in Paris in 1855. At the age of seventy-six, Rossini died of pneumonia on November 13, 1868.


Composer Title Date Action
Gioachino Rossini Aria di Figaro 01/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini L’invito 01/22/2009 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Promessa 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Introduction Theme and Variations 02/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Partenza, from Serate Musicali 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Promessa, from Serate Musicali 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini L’Invito (Bolero), from Serate Musicali 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Danza (Tarantella), from Serate Musicali 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Gazza Ladra (Overture) 08/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Anzoleta avanti la regata, from La regata veneziana 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Anzoleta co passa la regatta, from La regata veneziana 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini From Petite Messe Solennelle: Preludio religioso, Sanctus, Salutaris Hostia, Agnus Dei 03/17/2012 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Anzoleta dopo la regata, from La regata veneziana 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Anzoleta dopo la regata, from La regata veneziana 05/03/2010 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Regata Veneziana 06/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Gazza Ladra (Overture) 02/25/2013 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini La Passeggiata 09/29/2011 Play Add to playlist
Gioachino Rossini Largo al Factotum, from The Barber of Seville 02/23/2014 Play Add to playlist