Joaquin Turina, classical music composer
(9 December 1882 – 14 January 1949) was a Spanish composer of classical music.
Turina was born in Seville but his origins were in northern Italy (between Verona, Brescia and Mantova). He studied in Seville as well as in Madrid. He lived in Paris from 1905 to 1914 where he took composition lessons from Vincent d'Indy at his Schola Cantorum, and studied the piano under Moritz Moszkowski. Like his fellow countryman and friend, Manuel de Falla, while there he got to know the impressionist composers Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy.
In 1908, he married Obdulia Garzón, who was to bear him five children, dedicatee of the Danzas fantásticas he completed in 1919.
Along with de Falla, he returned to Madrid in 1914, working as a composer, teacher and critic. In 1931 he was made professor of composition at the Madrid Royal Conservatory. Among his notable pupils are Vicente Asencio and Celedonio Romero.
His works include the operas Margot (1914) and Jardín de Oriente (1923), the Danzas fantásticas (1920, versions for piano and orchestra), La oración del torero (written first for a lute quartet, then string quartet, then string orchestra), chamber music, piano works, guitar pieces and songs. Much of his work shows the influence of traditional Andalusian music.
Trio No. 1 Op. 35
Trio No. 2 in b minor, Op. 76
Scène Andalouse op.7 per viola, pianoforte e archi - I mov
Scène Andalouse op.7 per viola, pianoforte e archi - II mov
Dedicatoria, from Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Nunca olvida, from Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Cantares, from Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Los dos miedos, from Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Las locas por amor, from Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Poema en forma de canciones, Op. 19
Sonata per violino e pianoforte Op 51
Sonata per violino e pianoforte N°2 Op 82
Sonata spagnola per violino e pianoforte
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