Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, classical music composer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart image

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Biography

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on the January 27th, 1756 in Salzburg, now apart of Austria, but at the time part of the Holy Roman Empire. His father was Leopold Mozart, a deputy Kapellmeister to the court orchestra and minor composer himself. Leopold was very dedicated to the education of his children and was Wolfgang's only teacher during his early years. He not only gave Wolfgang music lessons but instructed him in languages and academic subjects as well.

Beginning in 1762, the Mozart family began to make several trips around Europe to different courts displaying young Wolfgang and his older sister, Maria Anna, as child prodigies. They traveled to such places as Munich, Vienna, Paris, The Hauge, and even visited London in 1764-65 where Mozart met Johann Christian Bach. From 1769-71, Leopold and Wolfgang traveled to Italy. In Bologna, he met G.B. Martini, a prominent composer and writer. In 1770, Mozart's opera Mitridate, re di Ponto was premiered in Milan to much success. This led to further opera commissions and two more trips to Milan, one in 1771 and another in 1772. However, to the disappointment of his father, neither of these trips led to court appointments for the young Mozart. These trips, however, did expose Mozart to a range of different musical styles, from the style galant of England and Italy, to the avant-garde techniques of the Mannheim orchestras.

Following Mozart's return from Italy with his father in 1773, he accepted the position of a court musician in Salzburg. During this time, Mozart had the opportunity to work in many different genres, including symphonies, sonatas, concertos, string quartets and a few operas. However, despite the opportunities and successes Mozart experienced in Salzburg, he became increasing disgruntled with the position and began to seek work elsewhere. After trips to Mannheim, Munich and Paris, and a brief return to Salzburg, Mozart ultimately settled in Vienna in 1781 as a freelance performer and composer.

Mozart's early years in Vienna were quite successful. He frequently performed on the piano, particularly in competition with Muzio Clementi and soon earned the title of the "finest keyboard player in Vienna." His opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail ("The Abduction from the Seraglio") was premiered with much success and fully established Mozart's reputation as a composer. While in Vienna, Mozart also met Haydn and the two composers became friends. Haydn greatly praised the young Mozart and on one occasion he stated to Mozart's father Leopold: "I tell you before God, and as an honest man, your son is the greatest composer known to me by person and repute, he has taste and what is more the greatest skill in composition."

However, Mozart's initial success in Vienna did not last. Toward the end of the 1780's the general condition of music had declined in Vienna due to Austria being at war. Mozart began to appear less often in concert as a performer and his income significantly shrunk. He made several trips to Berlin, Leipzig and other German cities that brought isolated and short-lived moments of success. He was often forced to borrow money from friends during this period and some musicologists, such as Maynard Solomon, suggest that he suffered from depression.

In 1791, Mozart's last year, things began to finally look up. The year, until his final sickness, was marked by great productivity in which he produced the opera The Magic Flute, his last piano concerto, the Clarinet Concerto, the last string quintet, and the unfinished Requiem. Mozart's financial situations also began to improve. He had stopped borrowing money and even began paying off his debts.

However, Mozart fell ill in September 1791 while in Prague. He was able to continue his work for some time until he became bedridden on November 20th. Mozart died a few weeks later on December 5th at 1 a.m. As was the custom at the time, he was buried in a mass grave at St. Marx cemetery outside the city.


Composer Title Date Action
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Eine kleine Gigue in G Major, K 574 01/22/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rondo K. 511 01/15/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in F Major, K 533/494 01/27/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Flute Quartet No. 1 in D Major 01/09/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Cadenza, from the Violin Concerto No. 3 10/31/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasy No. 3 in D minor, K. 397 12/23/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasia in f minor, K. 608 11/24/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Masonic Funeral Music, K.477, Transcription for Organ 07/04/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No. 9 in D Major, K. 311 08/07/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No. 9 in D Major, K. 311 10/08/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No.12 in F major K. 332 03/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No.12 in F major K. 332 11/26/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rondo in D Major, K. 485 01/17/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rondo in D Major, K. 485 01/16/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Clarinet concerto in A Major, K. 622 (Rondo - Allegro) 08/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto No.21 Do major 1st moviment 02/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto No.21 Do major 2nd moviment 02/07/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto No.21 Do major 3rd moviment 02/07/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Tu virginum corona and Alleluja, from Exultate, Jubilate 03/01/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in A Major, K. 526 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Dies Irae from Requiem K. 626 04/27/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasie, K. 396 01/24/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in C Major, K. 330 01/21/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in C Major, K. 330 01/25/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in D Major, K. 576 01/23/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in D Major, K. 576 06/13/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata Facile C major, 1st movement 03/21/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata Facile C major, 2nd movement 03/21/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Requiem und Kyrie K.V. 626 05/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Dies Irae from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Tuba Mirum from Requiem K,626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rex Tremendae 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Recordare from Requiem K.626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Confutatis from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Lacrimosa from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Domine Jesu 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Hostias from Requiem K.626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sanctus from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Benedictus from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Agnus Dei from Requiem K.626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Cum Sanctis from Requiem K. 626 05/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Donne mie, la fate a tanti 03/27/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in D Major 12/02/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Aria L'amero sarò constante from Il re pastore, K 208 01/15/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Non so più cosa son, from The Marriage of Figaro 05/03/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sinfonia Concertante, K. 364 02/21/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in e minor for Piano and Violin, K. 304 01/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in e minor for Piano and Violin, K. 304 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in e minor for Piano and Violin, K. 304 01/04/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Violin and Piano in G Major, K. 301 01/24/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto No. 23 in A major, K. 488 04/30/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in C Major for piano 4 hands, K. 521 11/02/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Sonata No. 22 in A major, K. 305 05/17/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Adagio for Violin and Orchestra K. 261 01/22/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Adagio in E Major, K. 261 01/14/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Requiem 05/30/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata No. 19 for Violin and Piano in E-flat Major, K 302 01/22/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Serenade in B-flat Major, K. 361/370 (Menuetto) 08/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No. 8 in a minor, K 310 07/10/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Serenade No. 9 in D Major K. 320 (Finale: Presto) 08/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto no.13 in C Major, K. 415 (I. Allegro) 01/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto no.13 in C Major, K. 415 (II. Andante) 01/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto no.13 in C Major, K. 415 (III. Allegro) 01/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto no.13 in C Major, K. 415 01/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Adagio and Fugue in c minor for String Quartet, K. 546 03/11/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Sonata in B-flat major, KV 454 07/19/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quartet in B-flat Major, K. 589 09/01/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Piano Four-Hands in C Major KV. 521 09/05/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in D Major for Two Pianos, K. 448 09/23/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata in D Major for Two Pianos, K. 448 10/19/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quartet in D Major, K. 575 10/21/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Piano and Violin in B-flat Major, KV 570 02/12/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto for Bassoon & Orchestra K.191, Part 1 07/17/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Trio K. 498 in E flat Major 07/29/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Trio k.498 in E flat major mvt. 1 11/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Trio k.498 in E flat major mvt. 3 11/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Trio k.498 in E flat major mvt. 2 11/02/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 12 Variations in C Major on “Ah, vous dirai-je Maman” K. 265 01/19/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 12 Variations in C Major on “Ah, vous dirai-je Maman” K. 265 01/15/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 12 Variations in C Major on “Ah, vous dirai-je Maman” K. 265 05/02/2009 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Variations on the theme "Ah, vous dirai-je Maman!" KV265 07/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin Sonata in B-flat major, KV 454 11/09/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rondo KV494 12/10/2011 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Violin and Piano in A Major, K. 526 12/11/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasia in D-moll 12/28/2011 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata No. 20 for Violin and Piano in C Major, K. 303 01/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto for Two Pianos in E-flat, K. 365, 1. Allegro 01/06/2012 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto for Two Pianos in E flat, K. 365, II. Andante 01/06/2012 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Concerto for Two Pianos in E-flat, K. 365, III. Rondo 01/06/2012 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Piano Four-Hands in C Major KV. 521 01/14/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Six Variations on "Salve Tu, Domine" KV 398 10/05/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Soave sia il vento, from Così fan tutte 01/23/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Trio in B-flat Major, K.502 01/11/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Quartet In G Minor KV 478 01/25/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Quartet In E Flat Major KV 493 01/25/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Violin sonata in C Major, K. 303 01/26/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasy in D minor K. 397 04/03/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto N. 17 K. 453. I° Mov. 04/04/2012 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Variations on a minuet by Duport in D Major, KV 573 04/06/2012 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata in a minor, K. 310 04/16/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Concerto 12 KV 414 (1ºmov) 08/27/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ruhe Sanft, from Zaide 12/04/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Quartet In G Minor KV 478 10/13/2012 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Finale, Le Nozze Di Figaro (Pace pace and Gente gente) 01/26/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata K.545 (Andante) 01/28/2013 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata in A Major, K.331 12/21/2010 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 17 in C Major, K.296 07/08/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart The Magic Flute - Ouverture 07/21/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Fantasy and Fugue in C Major, K. 394 11/08/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No. 13 in B-flat Major, K. 333 10/29/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quintet No. 3 in C Major, K. 515 12/17/2013 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quintet in G Minor, K. 516 11/08/2011 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 12 Variations in C Major on “Ah, vous dirai-je Maman” K. 265 01/16/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Divertimento in E-flat Major, K. 563 01/02/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony No. 31 in D Major ("Paris"), K. 297 01/26/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata No.3 in B-flat Major, K.281 05/07/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata in a minor, K. 310 05/17/2014 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano Sonata in a minor, K. 310 05/17/2014 Play
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Sonata No. 19 for Violin and Piano in E-flat Major, K 302 06/19/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart String Quintet No. 2 in c minor, K. 406 08/06/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Quartet No. 14 in G Major, K. 387 08/27/2014 Play Add to playlist
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano concerto K. 107 no. 1 09/28/2014 Play Add to playlist