Edvard Grieg, classical music composer

Edvard Grieg

Biography

Edvard Grieg.  Well-known today as one of Norway's great composers, Edvard Grieg was born in the city of Bergen on June 15, 1843. Grieg grew up in a musical home. While his father was a merchant and the American vice consul, his mother was a music teacher and gave Grieg his first piano lessons at the age of six. In 1858, at the age of fifteen, Grieg was introduced to the Norwegian violinist, and also his uncle by marriage, Ole Bull. Bull was impressed by young Grieg's musical talents and successfully persuaded his parents to send him to study at the Leipzig Conservatory. 

Grieg's studies at the Leipzig Conservatory were focused on piano. In 1861, he made his debut as a concert pianist. The following year, having completed his studies at the Conservatory, he staged a concert in his home town of Bergen with a programme that included Beethoven's Pathétique Sonata. His return to Bergen in 1862, however, was brief. The next year he began a three-year stay in Copenhagen, Denmark. While residing in the Danish capital, Grieg met two of Denmark's leading composers: J. P. E. Hartmann and Niels Gade.

During the summer of 1868, Grieg penned his famous Piano Concerto in A minor. Its premiered occurred in April of the following year in Copenhagen. The piece has remained one of his most well-known compositions. Also during 1868, through the influence of Franz Lizst, Grieg received a travel grant from Norwegian Ministry of Education. Grieg traveled to Rome in 1870 and was introduced to Liszt. Liszt reviewed some of Grieg's composition and offered constructive criticism. 

Another of Grieg's well-known compositions came later during the years 1874-76. At the request of the author Henrik Ibsen, he composed incidental music for the premiere of Ibsen's play Peer Gynt. Several of the pieces from Peer Gynt remain popular today, particularly in their piano arrangements. Grieg, however, found the work difficult to compose and even expressed dissatisfaction with the work's most popular number—In the Hall of the Mountain King.

In 1903, Grieg traveled to Paris to make nine 78-rpm gramophone recordings of his piano music. Fortunately, these recordings have survived and are evidence to Grieg's proficiency on the piano. In 1907, at the age of 64, Grieg passed away after a long period of illness.


Composer Title Date Action
Edvard Grieg Solveigs Sang, Op. 23, No. 19 01/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg String Quartet in G minor, Op. 27 03/12/2012 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Cello Sonata Op. 36 06/08/2014 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg In Quiet Woods, Tenderness 02/25/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Sonata for Violin and Piano in c minor, Op. 45 01/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Sonata for Violin and Piano in c minor, Op. 45 04/26/2012 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Sonata for Violin and Piano op.45, mvt. 3 04/10/2012 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Piano Sonata in e minor op. 7, 2nd & 3rd movements 12/23/2011 Play
Edvard Grieg Piano Sonata in e minor op. 7, 1st movement 12/23/2011 Play
Edvard Grieg Sommerfugl (Butterfly) 08/21/2012 Play
Edvard Grieg Ein Traum, from Sechs Lieder, Op. 48 12/04/2012 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Holberg Suite, Op. 40 08/20/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Med en vandlilje, Op. 25, No. 4 01/10/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg In the Hall of the Mountain King, from Peer Gynt Suite 01/17/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg In the Hall of the Mountain King, from Peer Gynt Suite 10/31/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Morning Mood, from Peer Gynt Suite 01/15/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Jeg elsker Dig, Op. 5, No. 3 01/18/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Once Upone a Time (arr. Fourmeau) 03/11/2009 Play Add to playlist
Edvard Grieg Violin Sonata No. 1 in F Major, Op. 8 10/09/2014 Play Add to playlist