Recorded on 12/19/2006, uploaded on 01/21/2009
Musician's or Publisher's Notes
One of Mozart's most recognizable compositions, the Piano
Sonata No. 10 in C major, K. 330 is the first of a set of three sonatas
composed during 1783. Having settled in Vienna in 1781, a large part of Mozart's
income was from giving piano lessons, mostly to members of the aristocratic
circle. It is likely the Piano Sonata No. 10 and its two siblings were written
for the purpose of instruction.
The first movement is light and energetic, evidenced by
Mozart's choice of two-four time with thirty-second notes instead of the more
usual (and perhaps more readable) cut-time with sixteenths. It is, for the most
part, a regularly constructed sonata form. The two principal themes are rather
homogenous, both alternating between legato and staccato over an energetic
bass. Quite interestingly, the recapitulation of the second theme begins in the
key of the dominant (G major), but then "corrects" itself by shifting suddenly
back to the tonic key.
Marked specifically with the modifier "cantabile"
(song-like), the central Andante is a fine example of Mozart's lyrical
gift. Of a large ternary design, the opening section consists of a lengthy
twenty-bar melody with a characteristic repeated-note motif and broken into two
repeated sections. The middle section turns to the key of the tonic minor and
begins with a doleful melody reminiscent of the preceding section. At the
conclusion of the recapitulation of the opening F major section, the music
trails off and Mozart's original ending to the movement has been lost. The
ending as it exists, a restatement of the second theme in F major, is a "best
guess" at what Mozart would have done.
One of the most
popular of the Mozart piano sonatas, the C Major is a tight-knit work of charm
and playfulness. The first movement
opens with a lively melody, which Mozart does not develop further in the
development section. Rather, he presents
sporadic fragments of the first theme with new material, which then shortly
leads to recapitulation, where he uses variations of the opening material. The Andante cantabile is one of the most beautiful, yet simple
movements of all Mozart's sonatas. It
opens with a choral-like theme, which takes a turn to the minor, melancholy
mood before the return of the chorale theme.
This minor variation gives way at the end to an intimately glorious
final statement in its original major key.
The concluding Allegretto movement
is a playful dance, full of humor and wit. Soyeon Lee
Courtesy of International Music Foundation.
We at classicalconnect.com believe that classical music is a necessity of life. It is our pleasure to be your virtual concert hall and bring you this performance.
Copyright 2008-2010 Classical Connect, LLC